President Goodluck Jonathan is one of five African heads of states expected at the event known as the 2012 Seoul Nuclear Security Summit.
The African leaders will be joining 46 others from across the world at the event, where issues on strengthening nuclear security and safety will be discussed.
Also expected at the summit are presidents of Egypt, South Africa, Algeria and Morocco.
The US, Britain, Australia, Canada, Japan, Brazil and China will also be present.
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), European Union, United Nations and Interpol are the international organisations expected at the event.
Addressing the press Wednesday in Abuja on the expected outcome of the summit, the South Korean Ambassador to Nigeria, Mr. Jong-Hyun Choi, said that the summit is an extension of global undertaking on peaceful use of nuclear power to satisfy the increasing global energy demand.
The summit in South Korea will be the second in its series, coming after the first edition hosted by US President Barack Obama in Washington D.C from April 12 to 13, 2010.
Coming almost a year after the Fukushima Daiishi nuclear disaster in Japan, it will seek to advance global shared objectives in nuclear disarmament, nuclear proliferation, peaceful and safe use of nuclear energy, and security of employing nuclear power as a viable source of energy, among others.