A Review of the Nigerian Energy Industry

Keystone XL Pipeline proposal one step closer to approval

keystoneXL-map*US State Department endorses Keystone XL pipeline project
*Pipeline provides the US with a steady supply source

15 February 2014, London, UK – The Keystone XL pipeline proposal has received a nod from the US State Department and, following its likely approval from President Barack Obama before the end of 2014, the project will provide the US with a steady and environmentally friendly oil supply source by 2018, says an analyst with research and consulting firm GlobalData.

Recently, the US State Department released a review determining that the 830,000 barrel per day (bd) pipeline would have no major impact on the environment and climate change, making it much safer to transport crude oil through the pipeline instead of rail cars and tank trucks.

According to Carmine Rositano, GlobalData’s Managing Analyst covering Downstream Oil & Gas, the Keystone XL pipeline could accelerate the timing for the North American Energy Independence goal. Crude oil imports into the US averaged 5.2 million bd in 2013, excluding 2.5 million bd from Canada, and sourcing another 830,000 bd from Canada could displace around 16% of crude oil imports into the US from other regions.

The analyst says: “Canadian Oil Sands heavy crude oil is easily processed on the refining upgrade capacity in the US Gulf Coast and could displace heavy sour crude imports from South America, mainly Venezuela, and from the Middle East.

“Additionally, crude oil from Canada has also been less expensive than imports, allowing America’s lower competitive feedstock cost to intensify the current advantage that Gulf Coast refiners and manufacturers have over international companies.”

With a high level of support from the Republican Party and Unions, key fractions within the Democratic Party are now lining up to back the construction of the pipeline, despite opposition from environmentalist groups.

“The Keystone XL pipeline provides the US with a steady supply source, therefore reducing reliance on oil imports from hostile governments and volatile crude supply areas around the world. This infrastructure project will only bring benefits to the regions involved,” Rositano concludes.

*GlobalData Analyst

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