A Review of the Nigerian Energy Industry

NLNG Train 7 FID imminent – Company

Oscarline Onwuemenyi 06 July 2015, Abuja – The Nigeria Liquefied Natural Gas Limited, NLNG, has revealed that the Final Investment Decision, FID, for the construction of its natural gas liquefaction Train 7 in Bonny Island is making progress.

NLNG vessel

Train 7, which should have been in operation by now, has been enmeshed in undue conflict of interests that over the years stalled the taking of final investment decision by the shareholders of the company.

NLNG is owned by state-run Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation, NNPC; Royal Dutch Shell, French oil company Total and Italy’s Eni.

A top official of the company told SweetcrudeReports that significant progress has now been made toward achieving the FID. Early site preparation work has been initiated and Sales and Purchase Agreements, SPAs, have been sealed with five buyers, including Suez LNG and BG Gas Marketing, among others for the train.

The NLNG’s operational six trains, the source said, currently produce 22 million tonnes per annum, mtpa, of LNG, 5 mtpa of natural gas liquids, NGLs, including liquefied petroleum gas, LPG, and condensate from the 3.5 billion standard cubic feet per day of natural gas they take.

According to the source, “Building Train7 will increase the combined production capacity of the seven trains to 30 million tonnes per year (mtpa) of LNG. Besides, the Train 7 project will create between 16,000 and 18,000 jobs in the construction phase and generate substantial revenue for the government.”

The NLNG has also announced plans to begin the construction of the first major ship yard in Africa’s biggest economy at the cost of $1.5-billion, in its attempt to turn the country into a hub for maritime operations on the continent.

Nigeria is the world’s eighth biggest crude producer and Africa’s top oil exporter but it does not have a drydock for maintaining and repairing large crude vessels, a major drawback for carriers sailing to the country, NLNG spokesperson Tony Okonedo told Reuters.

Only South Africa had such a facility on the continent, Okonedo said, meaning that ships travelled a long distance for repairs. Nigeria has two facilities that can only accommodate small vessels, he said.

Okonedo said Samsung Heavy Industries and Hyundai Heavy Industries have both agreed a $30-million commitment towards the construction of the facility, which would be located in Badagry, near Nigeria’s commercial capital of Lagos.

“It could potentially be used to transport the 2.5-million barrel a day crude business in Nigeria,” Okonedo said on the sidelines of a media briefing.

Okonedo said the NLNG organised a roadshow earlier this year to market the dry dock project to investors, which included multinational oil companies in Nigeria, with large exploration and upstream activities.

He said NLNG was in discussions with a strategic investor for the project.

It appointed France’s BNP Paribas and Guaranty Trust Bank to help raise around $1.6-billion two years ago to build six new LNG carrier ships, expanding its fleet to 30.

The construction of the dry dock, with a size that can accommodate 185 football fields, will take up to 48 months to complete and would commence once all the funding was in place, he said.

The company, which was set up over two decades ago, has a capacity to produce 22-million metric tonnes of liquefied gas a year. It obtains its gas supply from upstream oil companies and liquefies it for export.

It has long-term supply contracts with buyers in Italy, Spain, Turkey, Portugal and France and also sells on the spot market.

Revenues for the first half shed 25 percent, in line with the fall in crude prices, NLNG said.

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