A Review of the Nigerian Energy Industry

Oil steadies as IEA remains upbeat

12 August 2015, News Wires – Oil prices steadied on Wednesday after a weaker US dollar and an upbeat report from the International Energy Agency (IEA) balanced the bearish impact of a further weakening of China’s yuan currency and disappointing Chinese industrial data, Reuters reported.

Oil inventory
Oil inventory

The yuan hit a four-year low after China allowed it to slide further following a mini-devaluation on Tuesday to support the slowing Chinese economy, where industrial output grew less than expected in July.

The dollar fell more than 1% against a basket of other currencies on Wednesday, pulled down by doubts over whether the US Federal Reserve will raise interest rates given China’s devaluation, according to the news wire.

China is the world’s biggest oil consumer after the US and a weaker yuan erodes Chinese purchasing power for dollar-denominated imports, potentially reducing demand.

But, while slowing demand from China has helped bring down oil prices at a time of oversupply by big producers in the Middle East, oil demand elsewhere is accelerating, the IEA said on Wednesday.

The world oil market had begun to rebalance as low fuel prices stimulated extra consumption, it said.

“While a rebalancing has clearly begun, the process is likely to be prolonged as a supply overhang is expected to persist through 2016 – suggesting global inventories will pile up further,” the Paris-based energy watchdog said.

Benchmark Brent crude oil was up $0.40 a barrel at $49.58 by 2.40pm GMT, well above a six-month intraday low of $48.24 hit on Monday, but less than half its value a year ago, Reuters said.

US light crude oil was up $0.20 at $43.28. On Tuesday the US crude futures contract closed at its lowest settlement since March 2009.

Weekly inventory data from the US Energy Information Administration (EIA) had minimal impact on prices, showing US crude oil and gasoline stocks falling but distillate stocks rising sharply.

“Inventories were basically in line with expectations,” Tariq Zahir, managing member at Tyche Capital Advisors in Laurel Hollow in New York, told Reuters.

World oil production is running at up to 3 million barrels per day above consumption, analysts say, increasing stockpiles in all continents and depressing spot markets for crude and oil products such as gasoline and jet fuel.

But sharp price falls are beginning to encourage demand. The IEA forecast world oil demand would grow by 1.6 million bpd this year, up 200,000 bpd from its previous estimate and “the fastest pace in five years”.

– Upstream

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