15 June 2016, Sweetcrude, Abuja – Nigeria spent N226.215 billion on the importation of premium motor spirit, PMS, also known as petrol, in the first quarter of this year, according to data released by the National Bureau of Statistics, NBS.
The NBS, in its Foreign Trade Statistics for the first quarter of 2016, disclosed that PMS importation accounted for 15.56 per cent of Nigeria’s total imports in the quarter under review.
In addition to PMS imports, the country spent N12.016 billion on importation of lubricating oils. PMS and lubricant, as well as other petroleum products’ import, brought total mineral products’ import to N263 billion, representing 18.1 per cent of total imports.
The NBS put Nigeria’s total import trade at the end of the first quarter of 2016 at ₦1.454 trillion, representing a decline of 7.8 per cent from N1.576 trillion recorded at the end of the fourth quarter of 2015, while it also represented a drip of 15.8 per cent or N273.7 billion when compared with total imports in the corresponding quarter of 2015.
According to the NBS, the structure of Nigeria’s import trade according to Standard International Trade Classification, SITC, was dominated by the imports of machinery and transport equipments; mineral fuel; and chemicals and related products, which accounted for 34.7 per cent, 17.4 per cent and 14.7 per cent respectively in 2016.
It said, “These commodities contributed the most to the value of import trade in first quarter 2016, whereas commodities such as crude inedible materials; oils, fats and waxes; and beverages and tobacco contributed the least, accounting for 1.5 per cent, 0.8 per cent, and 0.6 per cent respectively.
“Import trade by section was dominated by the imports of boilers, machinery and appliances, which accounted for ₦378.4 billion or 26.0 per cent of the total value of import trade in first quarter 2016,” it added.
Other commodities which contributed noticeably to the value of import trade in the period under review were mineral products at ₦263.0 billion (18.1%), and products of the chemical and allied industries at ₦137.0 billion (9.4%); vehicles, aircraft and parts thereof; vessels etc. at ₦127.8 billion (8.8 %) and base metals and articles of base metals at ₦105.1 billion (7.2%).
Nigeria’s highest import destination in the quarter was China, as Nigeria imported N345.5 billion worth of goods from the country.
The United States followed, accounting for N127.087 billion of Nigeria’s total import, while Belgium, India, Netherlands and the United Kingdom accounted for N114.16 billion, N89.38 billion, N73.777 billion and N61.38 billion respectively.
Others are France, N58.24 billion; Brazil, N50.06 billion; Germany, N44.9 billion and Italy, N31.06 billion.