Vandalism: Nigeria’s oil sector growth falls by 1.89 percent

TO GO WITH AFP STORY BY MIKE SMITH Green vegetations devastated as a result of spills from oil theives at Nembe Creek in Niger Delta on March 22, 2013. Shell Petroleum Development Company of Nigeria (SPDC) has threatened to shut down production in April for nine days in the entire Nembe Creek Truck Line (NCTL) to remove a number of bunkering points on pipelines vandalised by oil thieves in the region. "Whenever we observe a spill, or have a spill on our lines, we shut down production to depressurize and isolate the line, only then can we safely repare our lines because it is then safe to manipulate the line", said Jurgen Jonzen, SPDC corporate pipeline asset manager. Last year, 157 bunkering points were removed and 116 were leaking on the whole SPDC exploitation. Since 2009, SPDC has exprienced an upsurge in vandalisation of pipeline network by criminals causing severe environmental devastation of the region and forcing the company to lose 60 000 barrels daily this year.  AFP PHOTO / PIUS UTOMI EKPEIPIUS UTOMI EKPEI/AFP/Getty Images

*Since 2009, SPDC has experienced an upsurge in pipeline network vandalism by criminals causing severe environmental devastation of the region and forcing the company to lose thousands of barrels of oil. AFP PHOTO / PIUS UTOMI EKPEIPIUS UTOMI EKPEI/AFP/Getty Images

Oscarline Onwuemenyi

30 July 2016, Sweetcrude, Abuja – The real growth of Nigeria’s oil sector slowed by 1.89 percent in first quarter of 2016, due to the reduction in the country’s daily production occasioned by pipeline vandalism by militants in the Niger Delta.

The National Bureau of Statistics, which made this disclosure in its First Quarter 2016 Gross Domestic Product (GDP) report released in Abuja, noted that this represents an improvement relative to growth recorded in the preceding year of 2015 when growth slowed to 8.15 percent.

According to the bureau, the oil sector contributed 10.29 percent of the total GDP, marginally lower from the share recorded in the corresponding period of 2015, yet higher from the share in fourth quarter of 2015 by 2.24 percent points.

It stated that in the first quarter of 2016, oil production stood at 2.11million barrels per day (mbpd), 0.05mbpd lower from production in the fourth quarter of 2015.

It added that oil production was also lower relative to the corresponding quarter in 2015 by 0.07mbpd when output was recorded at 2.18mbpd.

On a nominal basis, it added that the mining sand quarrying sector slowed by 34.98 percent during the first quarter of 2016.

“This was 11.22 per cent points higher from growth recorded in the first quarter of 2015 and marginally higher from growth recorded in the previous quarter.

“The decline in year-on-year growth is attributable to the falling oil prices. The sector contributed 4.14 per cent to overall GDP in the first quarter of 2016, lower than the contribution recorded in the same quarter of 2015 and the preceding quarter by 2.60 percent points and 1.04 per cent points respectively.

“In real terms, Mining and Quarrying sector slowed at 2.96 percent in first quarter of 2016, a relative improvement from the first quarter of 2015 by 4.94 per cent points and fourth quarter of 2015 by 5.08 percent points.

It added that “While crude oil output weighed on growth, the sector was supported by a substantial improvement in output in Metal Ores. The contribution of Mining and Quarrying to Real GDP in the first quarter of 2016 was 10.34 per cent, marginally lower relative to the corresponding quarter of 2015 yet higher from the previous quarter by 2.13 percent points.”

Reviewing the activities in the non-oil sector, the bureau stated that while crop production, trade and telecommunications and information services supported the growth of the sector, growth was weighed upon by declines in manufacturing, financial institutions, and real estate.

It added that the sector slowed by 0.18 per cent in real terms in the first quarter of 2016.

“This was 5.77 per cent points lower from the corresponding quarter in 2014 and 3.32 percent points from the previous quarter. In real terms, the non-oil sector contributed 89.71 percent to the nation’s GDP, marginally higher from shares recorded in the first quarter of 2016, and yet lower from the fourth quarter of 2015.”

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