A Review of the Nigerian Energy Industry

Gas is energy of the future for Nigeria

*Tony Attah, MD, NLNG

Michael James

13 February 2018, Sweetcrude, Lagos – The Managing Director of the Nigeria LNG Limited, NLNG, Mr. Tony Attah, has said that with global declaring appetite for crude oil, gas is the best option for Nigeria as a dependable source of energy in the future.
Attah made the assertion at the 2nd West Africa International Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, WAIPEC, in Lagos. 
He said: “The best bet for Nigeria is gas. It is available in abundance and (it is) three times cleaner than oil in terms of carbon content,” adding that Nigeria must unleash its gas potentials.
He said Nigeria should support NLNG’s Train 7 expansion programme in preparation for a world that is fast making efforts to reduce fossil fuel consumption and minimise carbon footprint. 
In a presentation titled, “Global Energy Transition: Which way forward, Nigeria?” Attah said the global energy landscape was changing with major concerns for the environment, such as global warming and increasing demand for cleaner energy.
He stated: “Nigeria has to begin to think about the relevance of oil in the future. Nigeria has to start to develop its gas resources in readiness for this future. Some critics say gas is not profitable, but, let me draw your attention to Qatar, a small fishing economy which was transformed from a GDP per capita of $2,000 in 1970 to a GDP per capita of $124,000 in 2017 using gas.
“Gas can lift Nigeria, which is where NLNG comes in. NLNG is producing 22 Million Metric Tonnes Per Annum (MMTPA) but we are not resting on our oars. We want to construct a Train 7 that will increase our capacity to 30 MTPA. It is time for gas. It is time to unleash Nigeria’s potentials. That is how we can survive the future with increasing appetite for renewable energy”.
Attah further stated: “The thirst for cleaner energy is increasing and a lot of that has to do with increasing environment friendly policies. Countries like the United Kingdom, Sweden, Norway and many other countries are making moves to significantly reduce their carbon footprint.
“Take for example India, which aims for 40% renewable energy by 2030. UK joins France to ban fossil-fuel cars by 2040. Norway aims for all new passenger cars and vans sold in 2025 to be zero-emission vehicles while Sweden has committed to 100% renewable energy by 2040.”
“The world’s population will grow by an additional 2 billion people by 2050. They will need energy. Where will it come from? Most stakeholders in the future will not accept the carbon emission levels that are prevalent now.
“Renewables play a significant role in the growth of electricity, contributing almost 40% of the growth in global power generation in 2016. By 2040, EIA estimates that 31% of world electricity consumption would come from renewables, roughly half of which will be from hydropower, as wind and solar power will grow rapidly in the coming decades.”
He said many oil and gas executives were living in denial that the advent of renewables will not succeed or last, adding that indices do not support their denial position as the world is moving on with renewables.
“The energy mix is fast changing and Nigeria has to come to terms with that. Nigeria’s proportion of global total proven oil reserves is 2.2% and gas on the other hand is 2.8%.
“What are we going to do with these resources? There is still coal in Enugu and all these fossil fuels will still exist in the future but will they be acceptable as a source of energy? I think that is the harsh reality we have to prepare for,” he added.
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