A Review of the Nigerian Energy Industry

US & India propel capacity growth in global LNG liquefaction, regasification industries

06 July 2018, Sweetcrude, Lagos — The US and India will propel capacity growth in the global LNG liquefaction and regasification industries respectively, to new heights, according to leading data and analytics company GlobalData.

The US will have the highest global liquefaction capacity growth among all countries, while India will have the highest regasification capacity growth for the outlook period 2018 to 2022.

The company’s report ‘Global LNG Industry Outlook to 2022’ forecasts that total global liquefaction capacity will grow from 419.1 million tonnes per annum (mtpa) in 2018 to 882.6 mtpa in 2022. Similarly, the total global regasification capacity is also expected to grow by 40%, from 45.9 trillion cubic feet (tcf) in 2018 to 64.1 tcf in 2022. Globally, 170 new build LNG liquefaction and regasification terminals are expected to commence operations by 2022.

The US will be the global leader, both in terms of both liquefaction capacity additions and capital expenditure (CapEx), for the outlook period. The country’s liquefaction capacity is expected to grow to 287.3 mtpa by 2022, replacing the traditional leader, Qatar, at the top of the global hierarchy.

Canada will also witness liquefaction capacity boom with its capacity growing from a meagre 0.3 mtpa in 2018 to an impressive 101.4 mtpa by 2022. Additionally, Canada is the second highest spender globally after the US, with an estimated CapEx of $105.4bn between 2018 and 2022.

Soorya Tejomoortula, Oil & Gas Analyst at GlobalData, explains: “Both the US and Canada are adding massive LNG liquefaction capacities, redrawing the global LNG landscape. Booming natural gas production, especially from shale, is driving the North American LNG exports.”

In the global regasification industry, Japan continues to lead with the highest capacity of 9.75 tcf by 2022, despite little growth in its capacity. The country is expected to add capacity of 75 billion cubic feet (bcf) and is expected to spend around $0.9bn on two upcoming projects between 2018 and 2022.

India will be in the second position with a total regasification capacity of 6.9 tcf by 2022. The country is rapidly expanding its regasification capacity, with $6.9bn to be spent on upcoming regasification terminals by 2022.

Tejomoortula adds: “India is driving the growth in global LNG regasification capacity due to its rapidly growing economy and thriving middle-class population. The need to rein growing pollution by replacing coal with natural gas for power generation is also driving natural gas demand in the country.”

In terms of largest liquefaction terminals in the outlook period by capacity, Orca Floating in Canada is the top planned LNG liquefaction terminal in the world with a capacity of 24 mtpa. The terminal is expected to start operations by 2019 with CapEx of $19.7bn.

As for regasification terminals, Al-Zour terminal in Kuwait is the top LNG regasification terminal with a capacity of 1.1 tcf. The terminal is expected to come online by 2021 with total capex of $3.3bn.

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