A Review of the Nigerian Energy Industry

JVs, PSCs, NPDC contribute 90% combined gas output in July

*Gas flow station in the Niger Delta

*As gas flare drops from 10% to 9%

OpOluwani Akintayo

11 November 2018, Sweetcrude, Lagos — There are indications that production from Joint Ventures, JVs, Production Sharing Contracts, PSCs and Nigerian Petroleum Development Company, NPDC, contributed a combined 90 percent to the combined national gas output.

This much is contained in the July report of the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation, NNPC,  with a breakdown showing that JVs, PSCs, and the NPDC contributed 69.38 percent, 21.69 percent, and 8.93 percent respectively.

A further breakdown of the numbers showed that out of the total volume of gas supplied in July 2018, 127.19BCF of gas was commercialised, comprising of 35.55BCF and 91.65BCF for the domestic and export market respectively.

This translates to a total supply of 1,184.81mmscfd of gas to the domestic market and 3,055.00mmscfd of gas supplied to the export market for the month, implying that 55.98 percent of the average daily gas produced was commercialised, while the balance of 44.02 percent was re-injected, used as upstream fuel gas or flared.

Gas flare rate was pegged at 9.33 percent, (706.96mmscfd), compared with average gas flare rate of 10.44 percent ( 816.73mmscfd) for the period July 2017 to July 2018.

A total of 230.35Billion Cubic Feet (BCF) of natural gas was produced in the country in July 2018, averaging a daily production of 7,678.17Million Standard Cubic Feet (mmscfd), NNPC Monthly Financial and Operations report for July 2018 has stated.

The sum represents 8.81 percent increase compared to the previous month of June 2018.

The report indicated that for the period, July 2017 to July 2018, a total of 3,084.09BCF of gas was produced, representing an average daily production of 7,834.62mmscfd, while the daily average natural gas supply to gas power plants stood at 744.86mmscfd, equivalent to power generation of 2,898MW.

Crude oil and gas export sale by the corporation in August 2018 was $470million, indicating an upsurge of about $78million in relation to July oil and gas export figures of $391.91million.

Crude oil export sales contributed $337.62 million which represents 71.83 percent of the dollar transactions compared with $283.43million contribution in the previous month.

The release said export gas sales during the period amounted to $132.38million, adding that the August 2017 to August 2018, crude oil and gas transactions involved crude oil and gas export worth $5.26billion.

It further explained that based on the above sales figures, a total export receipt of $450.24 million was recorded in August 2018 as receipt against $382.65million in July 2018.

Contribution from crude oil during the period, it stated, amounted to $336.43 million, while gas and miscellaneous receipt stood at $101.33million and $12.48million respectively.

A further breakdown of the figures showed that out of the export receipts, $142.31million was remitted to the Federation Account, while $307.93 million was remitted to fund the JV cost recovery for the month of August 2018 to guarantee current and future production.

Total export crude oil & gas receipt for the period August 2017 to August 2018 stood at $5.23billion out of which $3.74 billion was transferred to JV Cash Call as first line charge and the balance of $1.49 billion paid into the Federation Account.

On Naira payments to the Federation Account, the report informed that NNPC transferred N128.40billion into Account for the month under review. It was also explained that from August 2017 to August 2018, the Federation and JV received N879.02billion and N651.4billion respectively.

Providing insight into the corporation’s remittances to the national treasury, the NNPC explained that the Federation Crude Oil & Gas Revenue, Federation Crude Oil and Gas lifting, are broadly classified into Equity Export and Domestic crude which are lifted and marketed by the corporation and proceeds remitted into the Federation Account.

It informed that Equity Export receipts, after adjusting for Joint Venture, JV Cash Calls, are paid directly into the Federation Account domiciled in Central Bank of Nigeria, CBN.

The corporation explained that domestic crude oil of 445,000bopd was allocated for refining to meet domestic products supply, and payments were effected to the Federation Account by NNPC after adjusting crude & product losses and pipeline repairs & management costs incurred during the period.

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