*UAE shipments jump
BEIJING — China’s crude oil imports from top supplier Saudi Arabia rose 8.8% in March from a year earlier, driven by strong demand and as shipments delayed due to a port congestion finally arrived.
Imports from the United Arab Emirates also rose again, up 86%, as some Iranian barrels were believed to have slipped in.
Shipments from Saudi Arabia were 7.84 million tonnes, equivalent to 1.85 million barrels per day (bpd), data issued by China’s General Administration of Customs showed on Tuesday.
That was higher than 1.7 million bpd a year earlier, but below imports of 1.94 million bpd in February.
Saudi Arabia retained its position as China’s biggest crude oil supplier for a seventh consecutive month.
Ports at China’s oil refining hub Shandong experienced congestion for a few weeks over January and February, slowing oil arrivals.
China’s crude oil imports from Russia rose 6% in March to 1.75 million bpd from a year ago, but slipped from 1.91 million bpd in February.
Analysts from Refinitiv expect arrivals from Saudi Arabia to further drop in April given a voluntary supply cut of 1 million bpd by the producer and increasing prices of Arab light crude for the Asian market.
Appetite of spot oil would turn to more price competitive African sources, with China’s imports from Angola at 0.74 million bpd in March, versus 0.73 mln bpd a month ago.
The customs data also showed that crude oil supplies from Kuwait increased to 0.6 million bpd, up 29% from a year earlier.
China’s imports from the UAE were at 0.71 million bpd last month, up 86% on year. Shipments from Oman rose 60% from a year ago to 0.86 million bpd.
Reuters reported that Iran has “indirectly” moved record volumes of oil into China in recent months, marked as supplies from Oman, the UAE and Malaysia. Most of the oil ended up in east China’s Shandong province – a hub for the country’s independent refineries.
Tuesday’s data recorded zero imports from Iran in March, versus 255,802 tonnes a year earlier, amid U.S. sanctions.
Below are details of imports from key suppliers.
Country March(tonn y/y % Jan-March y/y % change
es) change (tonnes)
Saudi Arabia 7,842,178 8.8 22,903,469 4.3
Russia 7,439,263 6 21,370,862 1.4
Brazil 4,007,468 23.5 8,887,296 -18.5
Oman 3,654,544 60.2 11,432,730 38.5
Iraq 3,619,676 -35.3 13,672,443 -15.7
Angola 3,123,134 -21.7 9,866,301 -4.2
UAE 3,028,842 86 8,275,209 69.4
Kuwait 2,544,293 29.4 6,753,813 3.8
Malaysia 1,881,042 78.8 4,395,522 -4.9
U.S. 1,357,061 — 4,778,043 —
Iran — — — —
Venezuela — — —
*Muyu Xu and Shivani Singh; Editing: Himani Sarkar – Reuters