Lagos — The Associated of Nigerian Electricity Distributors, ANED, in a statement, said the federal government’s indebtedness to power distribution companies, Discos in terms of tariff shortfall was a total of N1.728 trillion as at December 31, 2019.
The association puts the total amount of debt Ministries, Departments and Agencies, MDAs were owing the Discos as at December 31, 2019, at N116.487 billion.
A breakdown of the debts the MDAs owe the Discos showed that while the Abuja Distribution Company, which covers Niger, FCT, Nassarawa, and Kogi was owed a total of N16.132 billion as of last December; Benin Distribution Company, which covers Delta, Edo, Ondo and Ekiti States was being owed a total of N6.168 billion; Eko Distribution Company, which covers Lagos, Ogun, and Agbara, was indebted to the tune of N20.874 billion, and the Enugu Distribution Company, that covers Abia, Ebonyi, Enugu, Anambra and Imo States was also being owed a total N7.034 billion as of December last year.
The MDAs were owing the Ibadan Distribution Company, that covers Kwara, Oyo, Osun, and Ogun, a total of N8.795 billion; Ikeja Disco – N7.965 billion; Jos Disco – N10.924 billion; Kaduna Disco – N21.849 billion; Kano Disco – N5.645 billion, and Port Harcourt Disco, a total of N11.101 billion.
However, ANED did not disclose the identities of the MDAs.
It also said the DisCos currently owe the Transmission Company of Nigeria, TCN the sum of N443 billion ($1.452 billion).
The statement however, explained that “A recapitalisation of the DisCos has been proposed in a relative value by adding the purported debt to federal government’s equity, with a deduction of a similar amount from the core investors’ equity, thus assuming the debts belong to the core investors.
“This treatment does not follow any known accounting or financial principal. If it is a loan by the government to the company, then it should be treated as an investor loan, for which there is an established methodology under the tariff.
“The truth of the matter is that the federal government is owing the Discos N1.728 trillion in tariff shortfall as at December 31, 2019. So what is he saying?”
According to ANED, conversely, when all liabilities and offsets are considered, the Discos would be owing the market N81 billion.
The group argued that the current market design is not ideal based on the fact that there is insufficient operational data, that is, no load flow analysis, No SCADA, no ancillary services and no demand forecast
They stated that the, “TCN has assumed the role of operator, regulator and market participant,” and so, “accountability, transparency does not exist.”
Owing to this, ANED stressed the need for, “bifurcation to Independent System Operation (ISO) and Transmission Service Provider (TSP).”
“The grid is too big or expansive for one operator. The concept of TSO may be considered later. Metering (MAP) needs to be holistically relooked at,” they added.
It stated that the capital expenditure for the DisCos was not adequate, adding that inability to equate the retail tariff with the energy wholesale tariff, was also a challenge.
ANED stressed the need to revisit the Multi-Year Tariff Order (MYTO) methodology, as well revisit the regulatory framework for the sector, so as to ensure consistency, transparency and participatory.
Commenting on their observation from the Bureau of Public Enterprises’ performance monitoring, ANED noted that, “in as much as the average expense ratio of the companies has been reducing over the years, the 2018 ratio of 45.5 per cent being the lowest, is still considered too high; this is indicative of either gross inefficiency in operations or an outright gaming of the system.
“A comparative analysis shows Tata power Delhi (from where Nigeria adapted its distribution companies’ privatisation model), had a four-year expense ratio average of 12.3 per cent, with some years as low as 10 per cent and the highest 15 per cent; like wise the United Energy Distribution Pty Limited in Georgia, had a two year (2015 & 2016) average expense ratio of 23 percent.
“There were also a questionable amount of related party loans and related party transactions involving companies owned by directors.”
Furthermore, ANED, in the presentation, pointed out that one of the challenges in the Nigerian Electricity Supply Industry (NESI) was lack of proper coordination of the public sector agencies involved in the power sector.
This, according to them, clearly played out in the submission by TCN which they argued was at variance with the positions presented by the Ministry of Power, BPE and NERC, to the NEC committee.
“NERC, BPE and MoP seemed to align on the shortfalls in NESI, but TCN is in a different world of its own and clearly detached from the happenings and realities of NESI
“We view TCN’s submission as mere propaganda and diversionary tactics and the aim is to either mislead the committee or a ploy to cover up the major challenges posed by TCN to the NESI
“It is therefore important to take a critical look at the structure and operations of TCN and how it has imparted on the NESI through rogue eligible customers, unreplaced failed equipment and interface issues.
“To foster accountability, transparency and data integrity, it is imperative to separate the wire business from administrative/mini-regulatory aspect of TCN operation. The creation of ISO is long overdue,” the statement added.