Initial startup of a 250,000 barrels per day (bpd) crude distillation unit (CDU) at the 369,000 bpd refinery is expected by Jan. 31, the sources said, making the Beaumont refinery the second largest in the United States.
U.S. stockpiles of diesel and gasoline are near five-year lows, and profit margins for producing motor fuels in the U.S. Gulf Coast region are near record levels.
Refiners are earning about $35.40 per barrel using the industry’s crack spread <CL321-1+R>, a profit measure which compares the cost of crude oil to sale prices for gasoline and diesel, according to Refinitiv.
“Right now, margins are sensational,” said Garfield Miller, president of refining investment banker Aegis Energy Advisers Corp. “These margins tell you that as far as the U.S. Gulf Coast is concerned, there is plenty of demand relative to supply.
SHALE OIL TO DIESEL
Exxon had no immediate comment on the start up of the new processing unit, called the Beaumont Light Atmospheric Distillation Expansion (BLADE) project.
BLADE, considered as early as 2014 and formally approved in 2019, was planned to process Exxon’s crude oil pumped from the Permian shale field in West Texas and New Mexico.
Exxon has not said how much new gasoline and diesel will flow. But Jack Williams, an Exxon senior vice president, told Wall Street analysts last March the expansion will create 120,000 bpd of refined products, which includes gasoline, diesel and jet fuel, and supply feedstocks for its other Gulf Coast refineries.
Turning on the new equipment will not immediately generate big new volumes of gasoline and diesel. Exxon plans to bring the new CDU up slowly to deal with potential startup problems, the people said.
The new CDU, which will be the third at Beaumont, will increase the refinery’s capacity by 68%. CDUs do the initial work of turning crude into feedstocks for all other units at the refinery.
BLADE was constructed from modular sections over four years, a period that included the COVID-19 pandemic and 2020’s massive decline in motor fuel demand that led to a record annual loss for the No. 1 U.S. oil firm.
Operators at the Beaumont refinery this week were purging the new CDU of air in preparation to introduce its first crude, the people familiar with the matter said.
The new CDU will make up for the refining capacity to be lost at the end of this year when Lyondell Basell Industries shutters its 263,776 bpd Houston refinery, said analysts.
“Up until COVID, the U.S. added the equivalent of a world scale refining facility to existing capacity every year through expansions, de-bottlenecking, and tweaks,” Aegis Energy Advisers’ Miller said.
Since the COVID-19 pandemic began, six U.S. crude oil refineries have closed dropping U.S. capacity from 18.98 million bpd to 17.9 million bpd, according to a U.S. Energy Information Administration report issued in June.
Exxon’s Beaumont expansion marks a return to an era of steady refining capacity gains through processing tweaks and adding new equipment to existing plants.
There are several major oil companies adding refineries outside the United States, said Matthew Blair, managing director of refiners, chemicals and renewable fuels research at energy banking firm Tudor, Pickering, Holt & Co.
“Overall, there are quite a number of new refineries on the docket this year,” Blair said, citing projects in Kuwait, Mexico, Nigeria and China.
“This will help rebalance global markets and bring down product cracks,” he added, using the industry term for processing margins.
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