Dr Yemi Kale, the Statistician-General of the Federation, said in a statement in Abuja on Thursday that the Consumer Price Index, CPI, rose by 9.1 per cent in April as against 8.6 per cent recorded in March 2013.
“This is the fourth consecutive month of single digit year-on-year rates being recorded, and the first time this has occurred since the movement to the new CPI base period,” Kale said.
The statement said that relative to March, the rise in the headline index could be primarily attributed to higher price levels of food products due to the effect of declining inventories.
“At this time in the planting season, what are sold are foods which were harvested late last year and the limited supplies of these with a relatively stable demand, pushes prices higher.
“As a result of substantially higher price levels last year, the implications are that the year-on-year changes for this year are likely to be lower,” it said.
The statement said the National Bureau of statistics observed generally slower rises in monthly prices since 2013.
“This may be connected to more prudent fiscal measures together with aggressive stance of monetary policy.’’
It said that the largest contributors to the increase in the food index in April were bread and cereals, potatoes, yams and other tubers and vegetables.
The statement said that the average annual rate of rise of the food index for the 12-month period ending April 2013 was 10.8 per cent when compared with the same period in 2012.
It said the rate was lower by 0.2 percentage points from the 11.0 per cent recorded in March.