*Says solar to become world’s “new king” of energy
Lagos — It has been a tumultuous year for the global oil industry, as the Covid-19 crisis has caused more disruption than any other event in recent history, the International Energy Agency, IEA has said in its report, World Energy Outlook 2020.
The Agency said the crisis has left “scars” that will last for years to come, adding that whether this upheaval ultimately helps or hinders efforts to accelerate clean energy transitions and reach international energy and climate goals will depend on how governments respond to today’s challenges.
The World Energy Outlook 2020, the International Energy Agency’s flagship publication, focuses on the pivotal period of the next 10 years, exploring different pathways out of the crisis.
The new report provides the latest IEA analysis of the pandemic’s impact: global energy demand is set to drop by 5% in 2020, energy-related CO2 emissions by 7%, and energy investment by 18%.
Unlike OPEC, IEA says renewables take starring roles in all its scenarios, with solar at the centre stage.
“Supportive policies and maturing technologies are enabling very cheap access to capital in leading markets. Solar PV is now consistently cheaper than new coal- or gas-fired power plants in most countries and solar projects now offer some of the lowest-cost electricity ever seen.
In the Stated Policies Scenario, the Agency says renewables will meet 80% of global electricity demand growth over the next decade.
“Hydropower remains the largest renewable source, but solar is the main source of growth, followed by onshore and offshore wind”.
“I see solar becoming the new king of the world’s electricity markets. Based on today’s policy settings, it is on track to set new records for deployment every year after 2022,” said Dr. Fatih Birol, the IEA Executive Director.
“If governments and investors step up their clean energy efforts in line with our Sustainable Development Scenario, the growth of both solar and wind would be even more spectacular – and hugely encouraging for overcoming the world’s climate challenge,” he said.
According to him, the era of global oil demand growth will come to an end in the next decade.
“But without a large shift in government policies, there is no sign of a rapid decline. Based on today’s policy settings, a global economic rebound would soon push oil demand back to pre-crisis levels,” he said.